Clay Tile Roof Staggered Cedar Shake Roof Tapersawn Cedar Shake Roof Concrete Tile Roof Roof Areas Asphalt Shingle Roof
Heavy Cedar Shake Roof Staggered Concrete Tile Roof Z Bar Wall Flashing Concrete Tile and Primary Wall Flashing Slate Roof Rake Wall Z Bar Flashing


New / Updated Content

Revised January 12, 2014

   roofkey Roofing Guidelines  Roof Inspection Service Fee  Roof Inspection Service

 



Roof to Wall Flashing

 

There have always been problems with the flashing details at Head Walls, Rake Walls, and Chimneys especially if stucco, brick or stone veneer is used.

All exterior Cladding/Siding, whether it is wood siding, vinyl siding, brick or stone veneer, stucco, etc. must be kept up off the surface of the roof a minimum 1 ", some manufacturers of Cladding/Siding require a minimum of 2".  This is so the water on the roof's surface does not soak up and prematurely deteriorate the cladding material.  All roof flashings must move freely behind the cladding no matter what the cladding is made of and should never be fastened to any wall.

The roofing contractors usually try to slide the roof flashing up behind lapped siding but many times this can be a chore and sometimes the exterior Cladding/Siding and/or the existing Water-Resistive Barrier (House Wrap) gets damaged in the process.   This then requires the exterior Cladding/Siding and/or the existing Water-Resistive Barrier (House Wrap) to be removed so that repairs can be made.  This becomes a real problem if the lapped siding has now been covered with vinyl siding or stucco.

Stucco, brick, or stone walls are a problem especially at rake walls where the step flashing is generally fastened to the walls prior to the roof being installed so the stucco, brick, or stone walls can be finished first.  This does not allow the free movement needed for the roof flashing to be adjusted to the weather exposure of the roofing material.  What happens years down the road when the property owner changes the type of roofing material or the flashing has deteriorated? 

How is it possible to properly install the new Underlayment up the walls as required by code on top of not being able to properly install new roof flashing without having to remove the existing stucco, brick or stone veneer at or near the roof line?  It is no longer acceptable to install the new roof flashing on the outside of the stucco, brick or stone veneer and then install flush mount or sawn in counter flashing.  This is no longer a good idea because it traps moisture behind the stucco, brick or stone and will not let the moisture running down the house wrap exit back onto the roof's surface as is required by code and manufacturer's specifications.

Today a lot of brick and stone veneer is used.  Most of the time it is installed incorrectly over the roof flashing and completely down on the roofing material's surface.  Because the roof flashing is now behind the brick or stone veneer, it does not properly extend out onto the roof past the surface of the brick or stone veneer as required.  When the mortar of the brick or stone veneer is not up off the roof deck as it should be, it will rapidly deteriorate from soaking up water off the roof and from freeze thaw cycles we see here in Colorado.

 

Solution

The solution to the problem above is to properly flash walls and chimneys using Vertical Blocking/Backing Lumber and Through the Wall (Z Bar) Flashing.  This solution keeps the wall cladding, no matter what it is made of, and the roof covering material separated.  The goal here is to move the Roof Flashing out to the same plane as the Cladding/Siding to better drain water off the roof and into the gutters without having to use large Kickouts at the Eave to Gutter to Rake Wall Intersections.  The roofing material can be changed or replaced in the future and the roof flashing can be easily replaced or adjusted to fit the roofing material or repaired without touching the cladding and vice versa.

Below are step-by-step detailed drawings of how to properly flash walls and chimneys.  The Rocky Mountain Masonry Institute has reviewed the final drawing in the following sequence of drawings and has indicated its approval through an e-mail to me.  The following flashing detail is good for any type of exterior Cladding/Siding including stucco, brick or stone veneer, wood, or vinyl siding.  The thickness of the vertical blocking material will vary to match the thickness of the cladding.  You will also see similar drawings throughout almost all installation manuals for various roofing materials.  Why this detail is ignored I do not know.

The minimum size of the Vertical Blocking/Backing Lumber is 3/4" x 5 ", the actual measurements of a standard nominal 1" x 6" piece of lumber.  The thickness must be varied depending on the thickness of the brick or stone used on the walls and in height depending on the thickness of the roofing material.  The Through the Wall (Z Bar) Flashing is extended up the wall a minimum of 3" and covered with a Water-Resistive Barrier (House Wrap) material.  The Through the Wall (Z Bar) Flashing is sized to the thickness of the Vertical Blocking/Backing LumberIt is extended down the face of the Vertical Blocking/Backing Lumber and over the "L" Metal at Head Walls and the Step Flashing at Rake Walls a minimum of 3 ".

Where a rake wall extends to an eave a very small kickout of the metal wall flashing can now be used, now that the wall flashing is on the outside of a Vertical Blocking/Backing Lumber of the same thickness as the wall cladding and is properly covered with the Through the Wall (Z Bar) Flashing.  See our web pages Eave to Rake Wall Flashing and Tile Eave to Rake Wall Installation.

Roof Installation Rake Wall, Head Wall, and Z Bar Flashing 1

Roof Installation Rake Wall, Head Wall, and Z Bar Flashing 2

Roof Installation Rake Wall, Head Wall, and Z Bar Flashing 3

Roof Installation Rake Wall, Head Wall, and Z Bar Flashing 4

Remember never separate the "L" Metal and the 1st piece of Step Flashing with any roofing material.  Think of them as one continuous piece of metal.

Roof Installation Rake Wall, Head Wall, and Z Bar Flashing 5

Roof Installation Rake Wall, Head Wall, and Z Bar Flashing 6

Roof Installation Rake Wall, Head Wall, and Z Bar Flashing 7

Roof Installation Rake Wall, Head Wall, and Z Bar Flashing 8

 Remember to seal all corners.

 

Revised - This Web Page Updated January 2, 2014